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Secondary Sources

1. Daniels, Robert V. Red October. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1967.

            Describes the different events in the Revolution.

2. Edwards, Judith. Lenin and the Russian Revolution in World History. Berkeley Heights: Enslow, Inc., 2001.

            Gave good background information. 

3. Footman, David. The Russian Revolutions. New York: G.P. Putnams Sons, 1962.

            Gave summaries of the different events during the Revolution. 

4. Jackson, George, ed. Dictionary of the Russian Revolution. New York: Greenwood P, 1967.

            Defined various terms that apply to the Revolution. 

5. Kaiser, Daniel H., ed. The Workers' Revolution in Russia, 1917. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1987.

            Summaries and biographies. 

6. Rawcliffe, Michael. Reputations Lenin. London: B.T. Batsford Ltd., 1968.

            Many photographs of Lenin during the Revolution. 

7. Shukman, Harold. Lenin and the Russian Revolution. New York: Capricorn Books, 1968.


8. "Valdimir Ilich Lenin." Encyclopedia of Wolrd Biography. 2nd ed. 20 vols. Detroit: Gale Research, 1998.
Biography on Lenin.

9. "Vladimir Lenin." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 23 Oct. 2005 <>.

            General background information on Lenin and the Revolution.

10. "Lenin, Valdimir Ilyich." The Columbia Encyclopedia. 5th ed. 1993: Houghton

 Mifflin Company

Biography and summaries of events.